An angry mob storms the Yidingmu police station in Taipei on February 28, 1947
Today marks the 66th year since the 228 Massacre / 228 Incident, which was an anti-government uprising in Taiwan that began on February 27, 1947 which was violently suppressed by the KMT-led Republic of China government and which resulted in the massacre of numerous civilians, beginning on February 28, or 2/28. Estimates of the number of deaths vary from 10,000 to 30,000 or more. The incident marked the beginning of the Kuomintang’s White Terror period in Taiwan, in which thousands more inhabitants vanished, died, or were imprisoned. This incident is one of the most important events in Taiwan’s modern history, and is a critical impetus for the Taiwan independence movement.
In 1945, 50 years of Japanese rule of Taiwan ended due to Japan’s loss in World War II, and in October the United States on behalf of the Allied Forces handed temporary administrative control of Taiwan to the Kuomintang-administered Republic of China (ROC) under General Order No. 1 to handle the surrender of Japanese troops and ruling administration. Local inhabitants became resentful of what they perceived as a high handed and frequently corrupt KMT authorities inclined to the arbitrary seizure of private property and economic mismanagement. The flashpoint in tensions came on February 27 in Taipei, when a dispute between a cigarette vendor and an officer of the Office of Monopoly triggered civil disorder and an open rebellion that lasted for days. The uprising was violently put down by the military of the Republic of China and the country was placed under martial law.
In Taiwan, the White Terror (白色恐怖) describes the suppression of political dissidents, as well as public discussion of the 228 Incident in Taiwan under the period of martial law, which lasted from May 19, 1949 to July 15, 1987, 38 years, and 57 days. Taiwan’s period of martial law had been the longest period of martial law in the world at the time it was raised, but has since been surpassed by the Syrian half-century martial law, which had existed from 1963 to 2011.
Fear of discussing the White Terror and the 228 Incident gradually decreased with the lifting of martial law in 1987, culminating in the establishment of an official public memorial and an apology by President Lee Teng-hui in 1995. The event is now openly discussed and February 28 is commemorated as Peace Memorial Day (和平紀念日), and details of the event have become the subject of government and historian investigation. Every February 28, the president of the ROC gathers with other officials to ring a commemorative bell in memory of the victims. The president bows to family members of 2/28 victims and gives each one a certificate officially exonerating the victim of any crime, who were previously blacklisted as enemies of the state. Monuments and memorial parks to the victims of 2/28 have been erected in a number of Taiwanese cities, including Kaohsiung and Taipei. Taipei’s former “Taipei New Park” was rededicated as 228 Peace Memorial Park and houses the National 228 Memorial Museum to commemorate the tragic incident, which opened on February 28, 2011.
Do you, Andy… 你願意了嗎?
After 4 years, 8 months and 10 days, my best friend, are you ready?
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導演：陳駿霖 Arvin Chen
2012年10月27日(星期六) 13:00集合14:00 出發
2012 10th Anniversary of Taiwan LGBT Pride
13:00 Assembly, 14:00 March, October 27, 2012
Taipei City, Ketagalan Boulevard (In front of Presidential Hall)
asdlkjflkjf so cute. The talent in the film industry in Taiwan is incredible.—